China has rejected a statement by Zimbabwe's government that it received only $3.5m (£2.7m) in aid from Beijing last year.
The Chinese embassy in Harare issued a statement saying the correct figure was almost 40 times higher - $136m.
Last week, Zimbabwe's Finance Minister, Mthuli Ncube, appeared to complain that China's aid contribution was much smaller than other international donors.
Zimbabwe's information ministry has tweeted its reaction to China's statement:
Ministry of Information, Publicity & Broadcasting@InfoMinZW
Govt has noted the query raised by @ChineseZimbabwe regarding bilateral aid figures captured in the 2020 National Budget Statement. Necessary consultations are underway to establish a common accounting position. We thank the Chinese Govt for their support @zhaobaogang2011
Economic ties between the two countries strengthened during the rule of the late president, Robert Mugabe.
Zimbabwe is suffering an economic crisis, with rampant inflation and food shortages.