After a decade of rapid growth, we see a strong decrease in the growth rates of global CO2 emissions over the past years, sending signals for a decarbonisation of the global energy system.
This was contained in a Climate Change Performance Index 2018 (CCPI) report confirming the developments in Greenhouse-Gas-emissions (GHG), renewable energies and energy use for some countries.
“It also still clearly shows a current general lack of ambitious targets and sufficient implementation for a Paris-compatible pathway.”
According to Jan Burck, co-author of the CCPI at Germanwatch, "We see a strong commitment to the global climate targets of the Paris Agreement in international climate diplomacy.
The countries now have to deliver specific measures breaking down their commitments to a sectorial level."
Mr Stephan Singer from the Climate Action Network (CAN) and co-publisher of the CCPI said, “We continue to see very positive developments regarding renewables and energy efficiency". "The data show encouraging growth in renewable energy, ever cheaper prices for solar and wind energy, and successes in saving energy in many countries.
This was responsible for stabilising global energy CO2 emissions in the last three years. But progress is achieved much too slow for a fully renewable energy based world economy in a few decades, because growing oil and gas consumption is higher than the welcomed reduction in coal use”.
Since no country is on a Paris-compatible path yet, the top three of the CCPI 2018 are still unoccupied.
“The gap in mid- and long-term ambition of the evaluated countries is still too high. In terms of GHG emissions, we see better 2030 targets in countries like Norway or India; comparably good targets for renewable energy, we see in for example Norway, Sweden or New Zealand.
Prof. Niklas Höhne from the New Climate Institute, co-author of the CCPI, explained that no country has a particularly outstanding energy efficiency target.
Saudi Arabia and the United States generally have to drastically raise their 2030 ambition", With comparably positive developments in renewables and per capita emissions, Sweden ranked 4th in this year's CCPI - following the empty top three.
A relatively low emissions level and a very high trend in renewable energy are reasons for Lithuania's 5th rank. Profiting from a good policy evaluation and relatively high 2030 targets, Morocco lands on position six, followed by Norway. India ranks 14th with still low levels of per capita emissions and energy use.
China however, with its high emissions and a growing energy use over the past five years, still ranks 41st.
But better placements in the years ahead can be expected, as national experts have highlighted that the country has implemented policies to phase out coal capacity as well as promoting renewables and electric mobility.
Germany (rank 22), the co-host country for Fiji's COP 23 Presidency, lands in the midfield of the CCPI 2018.
Burck indicated that, the country has put a lot of effort into international climate diplomacy and globally committing to climate action. “Germany's mid- and long-term targets are relatively strong but the last government failed on delivering concrete measures to effectively reduce emissions domestically.
Germany shows a relatively good development of renewable energy in the electricity sector but the country is not at all on track to meet its 2020 target. It is absolutely crucial that the currently ongoing coalition negotiations come to an agreement on a coal phase out and getting a transition in the transport sector started.
Wendel Trio, Director of Climate Action Network (CAN) Europe, comments on the performance of the EU, which was evaluated in the CCPI 2018 for the first time:
"The report reveals that the EU vows commitment to the Paris Agreement, but avoids real climate action at home. The EU needs to translate words into action and commit to deeper emission cuts than currently foreseen. Current discussions on the new clean energy policies and the EU budget offer excellent opportunities to increase ambition of the bloc’s climate action."
Having declared its withdrawal from the Paris Agreement and dismantled major climate legislation of the previous government, the USA (rank 56) finds itself in the bottom five of the ranking.
Besides, a very low policy evaluation, the country’s emissions level and energy use are considerably too high to be in line with a well-below 2°C pathway. The bottom three of the index is formed by Korea (rank 58), Iran (rank 59) and Saudi Arabia (rank 60), all of which are showing hardly any progress or ambition in reducing its emissions and energy use.
The Climate Change Performance Index by Germanwatch and the NewClimate Institute is a ranking of the 56 countries and the EU, together responsible for about 90 per cent of global GHG emissions.
The four categories examined are: emissions (40 per cent, renewable energy (20 per cent), energy use (20 per cent) and climate policy (20 per cent).